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Hone Your Observation in the Book of Jude

Learn all about observation in the Book of Jude as you study it using the inductive study method.

I would love to show you how we study the Bible in our study group. So if you are considering exploring the Inductive Bible Study Method, then the Epistle of Jude is an excellent book to begin with.

It is only 25 verses, short and sweet but packed so powerfully with the truth about Standing in Battle Against False Teachers. We’ll work through this together so you won’t be struggling with your observation in the Book of Jude.

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Before we dive into the study, you will need some supplies to work with. We’re going to mark our Bibles and record our findings on the accompanying worksheet.

Let’s begin!

A Quick Intro to Observation in the Book of Jude

When we begin any Bible study, the best thing to start with is prayer. No matter what we do, really, we need to bring it to the LORD for His covering. So, as we begin to pray, ask God to open your eyes of understanding so you can see what He wants you to see and understand in His Word.

The Observation process in an inductive study will take the longest and reward you with the most understanding.

Some of the elements we will observe will be found in answering six questions, who~what~where~when~why~how. These are questions that we may subconsciously or intentionally ask and answer as we read the chapter.

The other elements will be

  • keywords and key phrases are vital to inductive study as these are often words that are repeated for emphasis or the author’s purpose of writing. To determine a keyword or phrase, it is one that when removed from the text, leaves the passage devoid of meaning.
  • note geographic locations, if mentioned.
  • list making is another element that is important in drawing out truths and important concepts. These lists can be the basis of topical studies as well.
  • be aware of time which is noted through words like until, then, when, in the year of, during the reign of, during the days of, afterwards, in the day, etc.
  • there may be contrasts mentioned such as children of the light/children of darkness, proud/humble. The word that will indicate a contrast is “but.”
  • you may also see comparisons that point out similarities between things and indicated by words such as like, as it were, as.
  • terms of conclusion are identified at the end of an important thought with words such as wherefore, therefore, since, for this reason, finally.

The other thing you will want to determine after finding the above elements would be to determine a chapter theme and an overall book theme. However, in this study, I will walk you through the process step-by-step as we observe the Book of Jude.

A Bit About the Book of Jude

Though this is a short book, only 25 verses, it is significant to the Bible as a whole. Scholars believe that Jude is the brother of Jesus as mentioned in Mark 6:3 and Matthew 13:55. Though they were brothers, Jude did not believe in Jesus until after the resurrection. His older brothers, John and James, were of the apostles with James as the author of the Book of James.

The era that this book was written is believed to be between A.D. 64-80 as it cannot be narrowed down any further than that.

Though Jude didn’t believe in Jesus as Son of God, he certainly knew what Jesus taught. After the resurrection, Jude had a change of heart and believed his brother was and is the Son of God. As he was in the company of both Jews and Gentiles he began to see and hear many false teachings that his brother did not teach. His heart was heavy as he took the call to battle.


To begin our study, we begin with reading the book through once to get an overview of the content. Go ahead, read, I’ll wait for you.

Identifying the Author and Recipients

Now, we will begin our observation in the book of Jude with verse 1 that reveals who the author of the book is:

  • Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James.

On your worksheet, record who the author is and the details you learned about him.

I use a turquoise pencil to circle the name of “Jude” in my Bible as well as the pronouns. Read through the rest of the verses to circle the author. You may or may not have pronouns to mark but you don’t know that until you read the passage again. Did you spot “I” in verses 3 and 5, and “me” in verse 3? In verse 25 is “our.” This can also be marked.

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Next, read verse 1 again to see who Jude was writing to. This is called the recipients. Mark it distinctly and read through the book again to mark all occurrences of the recipients. I use an orange pencil to shade the recipients. Don’t forget to include all pronouns and synonyms.

Did you see that the recipients are “them that are sanctified” and “called” in verse 1? In verse 2, the pronoun is “you” while in verse 3, he gives them a term of endearment of “beloved” and “saints.” Continue reading to find all these pronouns and synonyms. Read carefully as you don’t want to include “certain men” as this is not a reference to the saints!

Another Observation in the Book of Jude

As you have read through this book three times now, were there any keywords that popped out at you? Anything that seems significant? One thing to remember is, and this is important, you don’t want to mark everything in your text as keywords because it will be difficult to follow the theme of the book with so many symbols and markings.

Let’s analyze this. There is a two-word phrase, “certain men” or “ungodly men” in verse 4. If you read the verses and remove this phrase, is the verse devoid of meaning? Is the word necessary to convey the meaning Jude intended? Yes? Then this is a keyword/keyphrase and you will need to mark it distinctly from “recipients.”

Review your Kari King Dent Keyword List file to see how she marked the word “certain men” or “ungodly men.” You can copy her suggestion or design your own symbol/marking. Remember to include this keyword on the Worksheets in the Keywords section.

This is the third people group that Jude mentions in his letter. Did you find any other occurrences of “certain men” or “ungodly men” in this book? Remember to look for pronouns and synonyms.

Maybe this shortlist will help you to see the details. Here are some of the synonyms for “certain men” or “ungodly men”:

  • filthy dreamers
  • brute beasts, they, themselves, them, to whom, these, their
  • mockers, who, their, they, themselves
  • of some, others, them

As you learn about these ‘ungodly men,’ write out what Jude teaches about them on the Worksheet, Jude: Identifying False Teachers. Write in bullet point using the Bible text for your wording rather than paraphrasing. Why? So your mind begins to learn Scriptural text and not a paraphrase.

Did you notice that in verse 5, Jude reminds the saints to remember their history and how they were saved out of the land of Egypt? This isn’t the only verse where the author reminds them of how God responded to false teachings in the Old Testament. Read through the text again to locate these verses and record them on the Worksheet.

That’s a Wrap

So, that’s it for the first part of studying this short Book of Jude.

You’ve done a lot, reading the text a few times to mark the three people groups:

  • author,
  • recipients and
  • ungodly men.

Plus you recorded what you learned on your Worksheets which will help you remember the facts. You’re well on your way in your observation in the Book of Jude. What a powerful little book, right?

So, what did you think of it? Is this study method that you would like to continue learning? If so, you are welcome to join the DIG Bible Study Community over on my private social network to study our current book of the Bible.

But, we’re not finished yet with this study on Jude. We’ll carry on with the next part when we meet again! Please come back with your Bible, the Worksheets, your pencils and pen, oh, and your coffee!

Would you like to leave me a comment on your thoughts about this study? I’d love to hear from you!

Related Post: How Marking Keywords Can Reveal Big Truths {Part 2}

Hone Your Observation in the Book of Jude 1

7 thoughts on “Hone Your Observation in the Book of Jude

  1. Pingback: How to Interpret the Meaning in the Book of Jude {Part 3} - Women's Tabletop Friendship

  2. Corina Schelfo

    His older brothers, John and James, were of the apostles and were both authors of books by their names. Correct on the books of James, written by Jesus’ did have brothers, but the book of John was written by John the apostle, one of the son’s sons of Zebedee.

    • Cindy

      Hi Corina. Yes, you are right, James wrote the book of James and the apostle, John, wrote the book of John plus he wrote 1,2,3 John and Revelation. However, in my research of the author of the Gospel according to John, there seems to be no supporting evidence that it is John the son of Zebedee. I have read many theories supporting that John, the brother of Jesus and Jude, did write the book of John and then his letters as well as Revelation. For sure, the true answer to the question of who wrote the Gospel of John will be revealed when we all get to glory! Thanks for stopping by today. I appreciate your comment.

  3. Pingback: How Simple Questions Reveal Big Truths {Part 2} - Women's Tabletop Friendship

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